Back in the mid-1990's, I had the good fortune of visiting the Elgin Planetarium for a holiday program presented to the astronomy club that I was president of at that time.  I had the good fortune of meeting Mr. Gary Kutina, director of the planetarium and "keeper of the museum."  The planetarium is located in a historical building on Watch Street in Elgin, Illinois.  It was constructed in the early 1920's  to house a small telescope referred to as a "Transit Telescope".  The function of the transit 'scope was to determine the precise time that a star crossed the sky at it's highest altitude.  Since the exact location of the telescope was known, and the telescope could be calibrated to a local reference point, exact time - based on a star - could be determined.  The facility ws build by the Elgin National watch Company in 1910 and ws used to calibrate and verify the accuracy ot the timepieces they produced.  President Theodore Rooseveldt expressed concern over the lack of a national standard and method to insure accuray of timekeeping accross the US.  He put forth an intitiative to get time piece manufacturers to produce accurate clocks and watches as well as uniform methods to meaure and determine exact time. 

The facility was used by the ENWCo until the 1950's at which time the National Bureau of Standards had matured methods of accurate time diessemnation accross the US.  In 1962, the building was donated to the Elgin U46 School District and a planetarium was constructed within the building on the main floor for local students to study and learn about astronomy. 

To be continued.....
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